How to Use Tenses? Now learn them in effective ways.

Tenses: They are defined as time of action. They are of following types.

  • Present Tense

  • Past Tense

  • Future Tense

 

Present Tense: A verb that refers to present time is said to be in the Present Tense. Given below are the structures.

Present Simple Structures (I, We, You & They)

 

S + v1 + O. (Affirmative)                                                                         

for e.g. We love our country.

S + do not + v1 + O. (Neg.)                                                                     

for e.g. We don’t love our country.

Do + S + v1 + O? (Interrogative)                                                             

for e.g. Do we love our country?

Do + S + not + v1 + O? (Neg. Interrogative)                                         

for e.g. Do we not love our country?

 

Present Simple Structures (He, She, It & Name)

 

S + v1 (s/es) + O. (Affirmative)                                                               

for e.g. She goes to market on foot.

S + does not + v1 + O. (Neg.)                                                                 

for e.g. She does not go to market on foot.

Does + S + v1 + O? (Interrogative)                                                         

for e.g. Does she go to market on foot?

Does + S + not + v1 + O? (Neg. Interrogative)                                     

for e.g. Does she not go to market on foot?

 

 

USES of PRESENT INDEFINITE (With Examples)

 

  • Habitual Actions

For e.g.

He gets up early in the morning.

 

  • General and Universal Truth

For e.g.

The Earth moves around the sun.

Water boils at 100-degree Celsius.

 

  • Commentaries (Sentence Begin from Here and There)

For e.g.

Here goes the ball.

 

  • Planned Actions

For e.g.

The train departs at 6 O’clock on every Monday.

 

  • Conditionals (Open)

For e.g.

If you work hard, you will succeed.

 

  • Time Clause (When, Before)

For e.g.

I will call you when my father comes.

 

  • Narration of any story or an event

For e.g.

Alexander raises his hand to convey a message.

——————————————————————————————————————————–

              Present Continuous

 

S + is/am/are + v1 (ing) + O. (Affirmative)                                             

for e.g. I am waiting for my brother.

S +is/am/are not + v1 (ing) + O. (Neg.)                                                   

for e.g. I am not waiting for my brother.

Is/Am/Are + S + v1 (ing) + O? (Interrogative)                                         

for e.g. Am I waiting for my brother?

Is/Am/Are + S + not + v1 (ing) + O? (Neg. Interrogative)                     

for e.g. Am I not waiting for my brother?

 

USES of PRESENT CONTINUOUS (With Examples)

 

  • Actions happening in front of eyes at the time of speaking.

For e.g.

She is mopping the floor now.

They are cleaning their shop.

  • Actions happening somewhere else at the time of speaking.

For e.g.

mother is working as a teacher in one of the private schools.

My father is leading all the employees In this mission.

 


Present Perfect

 

S + has/have + v3 + O. (Affirmative)                                                       

for e.g. She has just finished her food.

S + has/have + v3  + O. (Neg.)                                                                 

for e.g. She has not finished her food yet.

Has/Have + S + v3 + O? (Interrogative)                                                 

for e.g. Has she finished her food?

Has/Have + S + not + v3 + O? (Neg. Interrogative)                               

for e.g. Has she not finished her food yet?

 

USES of PRESENT PERFECT (With Examples)

 

  • Actions that happened in past but they have effects in the present. It is used with adverbs like just, already, never, ever, recently, so far, until now, as if now

For e.g.

I have just had my lunch.

Ram has already gotten his share of property.

I have broken my leg.

  • Action that started in the past and continues in the present.

For e.g.

I have lived in Australia all my life.

Ram has been married for 5 years.


 

Present Perfect Continuous

 

S + has/have been + v1 (ing) + O. (Affirmative)                               

for e.g. They have been reading for two hours.

S + has/have not been + v1 (ing) + O. (Neg.)                                 

for e.g. They have not been reading for two hours.

Has/Have + S +been + v1 (ing) + O? (Interrogative)                       

for e.g. Have they been reading for two hours?

Has/Have + S +not been + v1 (ing) + O? (Neg.Interr)                     

for e.g. Have they not been reading for two hours?

 

USES of PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS (With Examples)

 

  • Actions started in the past and continues in the present.

My father has been working as a Manager for 2 years.

They have been putting up with the behavior of their children since their birth.

  • Used with Since/For to denote the time.

Since is used for point of time

For is used for period of time.

 

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