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Subject Verb Concord Agreement Class 10 | Class 9 | English Grammar |

The verb should agree with the person and number of the subject. Sometimes, it agrees with a nearby noun that is in the same sentence instead of its proper subject. This is called an error of proximity. It must be avoided. For example :

  1. The performance of students is not up to the mark (✓)
  2. The performance of students are not up to the mark (✗)

Rules for Subject Verb Concord/Agreement Class 10

1) Singular subjects need singular form of verbs whereas plural subjects need plural form of verbs.

  • Rahul is a good orator.
  • Boys are getting attracted towards easy-money nowadays.
  • The child was crying for he had not got the chocolate.
  • The children were playing football in the park

2) When uncountable noun is used as subject of a verb, we use singular form of verb.

  • Honesty is a very expensive gift.
  • Water boils at 100 degree Celsius. 

3) One of is always followed by plural nouns but with singular form of verb.

  • One of my teachers is a resident of this society.
  • One of the vacancies has been filled by the management of our school.

4) Verb is used as per the subject not as per the restrictive clause especially in long sentences.

  • The books which I bought few days ago are in mint condition. (Books-Subject)
  • The man whom I was talking to at the restaurant was my cousin. (Man-Subject)

5) Sentences beginning with ‘Here’ and ‘There’ are usually followed by their subjects. Therefore, we must use form(s) of verb according to the subject not seeing only ‘Here’ and ‘There’

  • There is no table in the room. (Subject-Table)
  • There are no tables in the room. (Subject-Tables)
  • There is on boy in the class. (Subject-Boy)
  • There are hundred boys in the class. (Subject-Boys)
  • Here comes Sachin to bat. (Subject-Sachin)
  • There go the balls in the court. (Subject-Balls)

Related

6) When the subject comprises of two or more than two nouns, we use a plural verb.

  • Rahul and I are going to watch movie.
  • My mother-in-law and father-in-law are going to see off my wife at the airport.

7) For distance, height, money, weight, we always use a singular verb even if the subject looks plural.

  • Five hundred kilograms is not easy to lift.
  • Ten kilometers is a long distance to walk on foot.
  • Six feet two inches is a good height.
  • One hundred rupees is not a huge amount.

8) The name of a book, hotels, pubs, restaurant or a bar in plural takes a singular form of verb.

  • “The Three Musketeers” is a must to read novel.
  • “The Seven Elevens” is a seven-star hotel.

9) Some nouns which are plural in form but singular in meaning always take a singular form of verb.

  • Politics is not everybody’s cup of tea.
  • Mathematics is not an interesting subject for many students.
  • Economics is one of the subjects of commerce stream.
  • The breaking news of today is not breaking any more.

10) There are some nouns which appear singular but they take plural form of verb

  • India have won the toss and decided to bat first
  • The police have got full control over the protestors.

Related 

11) Collective nouns which begin with words like group, bouquet, bunch, herd, army, regiment, crowd, flock, etc. are always followed by a singular form of verb.

  • A bunch of keys is missing from here.
  • A group of people was seen roaming there.
  • A herd of sheep was grazing on the field
  • A bouquet of flowers was given to the chief guest of the function.

12) Nouns like food, cutlery, furniture, clothing, etc. take a singular verb:

  • This furniture was not of good quality.
  • This junk food is not good for health.

13) Nouns preceded by ‘A pair of ‘ take a singular form of verb. But when used with ‘A pair of ‘, they take a plural form of verb.

  • A pair of gloves was bought from the Tibet Market yesterday.
  • A pair of shoes was stolen by someone outside the temple
  • A pair of glasses was recommended to him by the doctor.
  • His gloves are worn out therefore of no use now. (Without ‘A Pair of ‘)
  • My scissors are not blunt as yours. (Without ‘A Pair of ‘)

14) Nouns preceded by  ‘A lot of ‘,  ‘Plenty of’ , ‘A great deal of ‘ etc. are followed by a singular form of verb when they refer to amount, quantity or uncountable nouns whereas ‘A great number of ‘ & ‘Lots of ‘  are followed by a plural form of verb when they refer to number or countable nouns.

  • A lot of money was wasted on that program.
  • A plenty of drinkable water was thrown in the sewage
  • A great deal of effort was put in by Virat Kohli to save his captaincy.
  • A great number of people were there to watch MSD’s batting in his 100th ODI.
  • Lots of students are against CBSE MCQ-Based Examination.

15) When a singular subject is conjoined by except, as well as, in addition to etc. with other noun or pronoun, a singular form of verb is used in the sentence.

  • Everyone except her mother was present in her marriage
  • My mother in addition to her colleagues has resigned from the post.
  • Shyam as well as his friends has come to the party.

16) Pronouns such as; each, either, neither, anyone, somebody, nobody, no one, someone, anybody are always followed by a singular form of verb.

  • Either of the shirt was defective.
  • Neither of the teachers standing there came to rescue him from the goons.
  • Everybody is ready to support him monetarily.
  • Each child has the right to educate himself.
  • No one is honest in these days of cut-throat competition.
  • Everybody is running after money.

17) When two or more subjects are joined by corelative conjunction such as; either-or OR neither-nor, the verb is used according to nearest noun.

  • Either he or his brothers have committed this crime.
  • Either his brothers or he has committed this crime.
  • Neither Ram nor his parents are at fault.
  • Neither Ram’s parents nor he is at fault.

18) Collective nouns like family, committee, jury etc. take a singular verb when considered as one unit whereas they take a plural verb when regarded as individuals.

  • The jury is about to make its decision.
  • The jury are divided in their views.
  • The committee is going to re-form tomorrow.
  • The committee have decided to cut down the fee for the welfare of students.
  • The family has decided to postpone their visit to Manali this winter.
  • My family now live in Gurugram.

19) Nouns which are considered as one unit are always followed by a singular form of verb. 

  • Dal and Roti is a complete food.
  • Bread and Butter is still the best form of breakfast.
  • Time and tide waits for none.
  • The author and teacher is dead.

20) If the subject is singular, the verb should be singular too.

  • He walks everyday.
  • She loves to write.
  • Rahul hates driving.

21) If the subject is plural, the verb should be plural too.

  • They walk everyday.
  • We love to write.
  • Boys like driving.

22) Countable nouns such as: earnings, goods, odds, surroundings, proceeds, contents, and valuables only have a plural form and take a plural verb.

  • The earnings for this quarter has gone beyond our expectations.
  • The surroundings of ours are not so good as yours.
  • The contents the folder were missing.
  • Where are the valuables?
  • Goods have been kept in the godown.
  • There are many odds of embarking on a business.

We would love your reading of  Formal Letters, Notice Writing, Formal & Informal Invitation, Classified Advertisement, Debate Writing, Speech Writing, Article Writing, Report Writing, Note Making, Poster Making, Short Story Writing, Leave Application Writing, Descriptive Paragraph Writing for scoring higher in upcoming examination.

Exercise for Subject Verb Concord/Agreement

1) For the wages of sin ____ death.
a) Is
b) Are
c) Were
d) None of the above

Answer: is

2) Five kilometers ____ not a long distance by car.
a) Is
b) Are
c) Were
d) None of the above

Answer: Is

3) Three hundred sixty five kg _____ lifted alone by him.
a) Was
b) Were
c) Had being
d) None of the above

Answer: Was

4) Neither Ram nor his brothers _____ at fault.
a) Is
b) Are
c) Am
d) None of the above

Answer: Are

5) Performance of class XII students _____ getting deteriorated day by day.
a) Is
b) Are
c) Were
d) None of the above

Answer: Is

6) All that glitters ____ not gold.
a) Is
b) Are
c) Were
d) None of the above

Answer: Is

7) Either of the girls _____ absent today.
a) Is
b) Are
c) Were
d) None of the above

Answer: Is

8) India _____ batting first yesterday.
a) Was
b) Is
c) Were
d) None of the above

Answer: Were

9) Keeping pets at home _____ the best way to combat loneliness.
a) Was
b) Is
c) Were
d) None of the above

Answer: Is

10) Some of the files _____ to be missing from here.
a) Seem
b) Seems
c) Seeming
d) None of the above

Answer: Seem

11) Bread and Butter _____ good breakfast.
a) Are
b) Is
c) Has
d) None of the above

Answer: Is

12) Economics ______ one of my favourite subjects.
a) Are
b) Is
c) Has
d) None of the above

Answer: Is

13) One of my teachers ______ an NRI.
a) Are
b) Is
c) Has
d) None of the above

Answer: Is

14) Everybody ____ the right to raise his voice.
a) Have
b) Has
c) Has Been
d) None of the above

Answer: Has

15) The accountant and the teacher _____ come to school.
a) Have
b) Has
c) Have been
d) None of the above

Answer: Have

16) He or his friends ______ to be arrested.
a) Is
b) Are
c) Has
d) None of the above

Answer: Are

17) Mr. Gupta, my uncle and teacher, _______ next to me.
a) Sit
b) Sits
c) Sitting
d) None of the above

Answer: Sits

18) The goat and the cow ____ grazing.
a) Is
b) Am
c) Are
d) None of the above

Answer: Are

19) My trousers ____ not so good as yours.
a) Is
b) Have
c) Are
d) Has

Answer: Are

19) My trousers ____ not so good as yours.
a) Is
b) Have
c) Are
d) Has

Answer: Are

20) Politics ______ not my cup of tea.
a) Is
b) Have
c) Are
d) Has

Answer: Is

21) A can of lima bins ___ on the shelf.
a) Sit
b) Sits
c) Sitting
d) Satting

Answer: Sits

22) The men who went to the meeting _____ bored.
a) was
b) were
c) have being
d) had being

Answer: were

23) The surface of the wooden tables ______ smooth.
a) was
b) were
c) had
d) had being

Answer: Was

24) The number of people we are going to hire _____ ten.
a) Are
b) Is
c) Has
d) Have

Answer: Is

25) A number of people ______ filed their complaints against him.
a) Has
b) Have
c) Has been
d) Have been

Answer: Have

 

# Subject Verb Concord

# Subject Verb Concord/Agreement

# Subject Verb Concord Rules

# Subject Verb Concord Exercises

 

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