Conditionals in English | Usage | Types | Examples | English Grammar |
Conditional sentences are used to speculate & guess what can or what could happen. Such sentences comprise ‘If Clause’ and ‘Main Clause’ which can be interchanged according to the sentence of the structure. They are of three types; Open Condition, Improbable or Unreal Condition and Impossible condition. Let’s have a look at them one by one for better understanding.
Open condition is used to express Scientific and General Truth. It consists of two clauses i.e if clause and a main clause. We must remember that, in open condition, we use VERB’s 1st Form with if clause and will + V1/Can + V1 in the main clause. It shows the cause and its effect.
- If you walk daily, you will stay fit throughout your life. (General Truth)
- If we eat fast food daily, we will gain weight. (General Truth)
- If she runs fast, she can easily win this competition.
Improbable or Unreal Condition
Improbable or Unreal condition is used to express the actions which we are not sure about. It consists of two clauses i.e an if clause and a main clause. Always remember that, in improbable condition, we use VERB’s 2nd Form with if clause and would + V1 in the main clause.
- If India won the match, Sachin would throw a party. (Unreal Situation)
- If she succeeded in her life, I would become your slave.
Impossible condition is used to express the actions which we are neither possible in the present nor were possible in the past . It consists of two clauses i.e. an if clause and a main clause. Always remember that, in impossible condition, we use had + V3 with if clause and would + have +V3 in the main clause. (in case of an action)
- If You had worked hard, you would have succeeded.
- If she had not listened to me, she would have failed in her exams.
Note: But if you compare yourself with anyone, you should use were in If clause and would have + V3 in the main clause.
- If I were the Prime Minister, I would have eradicated poverty from our country.
- If She were not my sister, I would have scolded her.
# Conditionals in English
# Conditionals in English Notes
# Conditionals in English Examples
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