The Enemy Class 12 | Chapter 4 | Vistas | English | Summary |
Summary of The Enemy
The Enemy by Pearl S.Buck revolves around the war between America and Japan which makes them enemies to each other. Their hatred grows but it doesn’t make any difference to Dr. Sadao’s personality who rises above the prejudice and discrimination in order to hold his responsibility as a doctor. He forgets that the P.O.W is his enemy and saves his life in the end.
At the beginning of this chapter, the narrator talks about Dr. Sadao’s childhood and his father. He sheds some light on the personality of his father who was a patriot and a man of letters. He was only concerned about his son’s education therefore sent him to America at the age of 22 to learn about medicine and surgery. Dr. Sadao returns at the age of 30 and makes his presence feel in the entire Japan. Even, the General of Japan (Takima) never lets him go abroad due to his illness.
Narrator talks about the relationship of Dr. Sadao and Hana who had met each other at Professor Harley’s house inAmerica. They love each other a lot and even have two babies. Their life moves smoothly till they find an injured American at their doorstep. At first, they plan to throw him back into the sea but later on changes their mindset. Dr. Sadao being a doctor, decides to save his life and carries his light weighed body to his father’s room. His wife and all the three servants object but he turns a blind eye and operates on him with his utmost devotion. He finds a bullet stuck in the wound which he, later, picks out with his exploring instrument. He examines the wound of the patient and gives him many pieces of advice for his betterment every day.
After a few days, all his servants leave their job because of Dr. Sadao’s adamancy to save an Enemy’s life which leave the whole family imbalanced. Hana gets scared when a messenger comes to inform Dr. Sadao about General’s ill health. Dr. Sadao goes to the General and requests him to solve the problem. General, who is in the palm of Dr. Sadao, assures him to send his assassins in order to get that American killed. Dr. Sadao waits for three nights but no one comes. He finally makes up his mind to save that American’s life. He arranges a stout boat, some food, some water bottles and other necessities for the successful escape of that American P.O.W. He hands in his flashlight to that P.O.W and instructs him to follow his instructions. Finally, Dr. Sadao manages to send that American to his own country with the help of a Korean fishing boat.
At the end of the chapter, Dr. Sadao remembers five American faces which had a lion’s share in his life. He remember the days spent with his first landlady, who was full of prejudice, yet saved his life when he was suffering from influenza.
Dr. Sadao was left alone at the beach with a confusion why he saved that American P.O.W’s life.
Short Answer Type Questions of The Enemy
Q1. What was the chief concern of Dr. Sadao’s father?
Dr. Sadao’s father chief concern was his education. That’s why he was sent to America at the age of 22 to learn about medicine and surgery. He practiced there for 8 years and turned up at 30.
Q2. Why was Dr. Sadao never sent with the troops?
Dr. Sadao was never sent with the troops because he was the only surgeon whom the General trusted upon. Apart from that he had been perfecting a discovery which would make the wounds entirely clean.
Q3. Who was Hana? What did she notice coming out of the mist?
Hana was the wife of Dr. Sadao. She noticed a man staggering and fumbling on his toes. On reaching there they both (Hana & Dr. Sadao) found that the man was a P.O.W who was bleeding from the back.
Q4. What did Hana want Dr. Sadao to do on seeing P.O.W?
Hana wanted Dr. Sadao to throw the man back into the sea. She thought that P.O.W was from an enemy country and did not deserve any kind of respect from the couple.
Q5. Why did Yumi refuse to wash P.O.W?
Yumi refused to wash him because she thought that the man belonged to an enemy country & was her enemy. Moreover she had never washed any white man before.
Q6. “They got my guts .” why did the P.O.W deliver this statement?
The P.O.W delivered this statement while the operation was going on. He thought that Dr. Sadao had taken his intestines out while operating on him. But, he was proved wrong later on.
Q7. The gardener was a superstitious person. Do you agree?
Yes we agree that the gardener was a superstitious person. He thought that the bullet, the rock, and the sea would revenge upon Dr. Sadao if he tried to save his life because all of them wanted to kill him.
Q8. What two things happened on the seventh day of prisoner staying at Dr. Sadao’s home?
The first thing that happened was all the servants left Dr. Sadao due to sheltering of P.O.W. Apart from that, a messenger came there whom Hana considered as a policeman who had come to arrest her husband. But, it was found that he had been sent by the General as he was ill.
Q9. What made Dr. Sadao irritable and angry with the P.O.W.?
When Dr. Sadao saw that all the servants had left his home and Hana had to look after the entire household work, he got irritable and angry with the man. Besides, he had to leave all his practices and look after the babies.
Q10. How did Hana predict that all the prisoners were maltreated Japanese Army?
Hana was aware of the cruel nature of the General who beat his own wife after drinking. She knew if a man could beat his own wife, how he could spare such prisoners who were risk for their country.
Q11. “The General was in the palm of Dr. Sadao’s hands.” Do you agree?
Yes, we agree that the General was in the palm of Dr. Sadao because he was the only one who could save his life. Moreover, the General never trusted on German Surgeons because they would consider the operation successful if he died while being operated on.
Q12. What did the General assure Dr. Sadao to do?
The General assured Dr. Sadao to get the P.O.W killed. He assured him that he would send his murderers that night and get the man removed from his home. The General asked him to let his door opened that night.
Q13. What was the outcome of the General promise? Why did he forget to keep his promise?
The General had promised him that he would get the P.O.W killed but he couldn’t keep it because he remained ill most of the time. He forgot to keep his promise due to his illness.
Q14. What arrangements were made for the safe arrival of P.O.W to another island?
There were many arrangements made for his safe arrival. Dr. Sadao arranged a boat, some water bottles, and few Japanese clothes. Besides he handed him a flash light and asked him to signal once if he reached safely and to signal twice if he ran out of food. He wanted to make sure that the P.O.W had safely reached there.
Q15. How did Dr. Sadao make sure that the man had safely reached there?
When Dr. Sadao had departed the man from his island, he had advised him to signal once for safely reaching there. He got a signal and made sure that the man had safely reached there.
Q16. What did Dr. Sadao remember while standing at the beach?
While standing at the beach, he remembered the behavior of the landlady in whose house he used to live. Though she was bit talkative and served him unhygienic food yet she was helpful as she had saved him during his suffering from influenza. Moreover, he recalled his experience with Americans who thought that they were superior to Japanese.
Q17. Why did all the servants come back? Do you think they were somewhere wrong in leaving his home?
All the servants came back because the P.O.W had left their master’s home. No, they were not at all wrong in their decision because they loved their country a lot. Their decision shows their patriotism towards their country.
Q18. Why were all the servants crying before leaving their master’s home?
All the servants were crying because they were very much attached to all of them. Yumi was attached to the babies whereas the gardener had been working there for a long time since Dr. Sadao’s childhood. All of them had spent infinite time with Dr. Sadao and his family.
Long Answer Type Question of The Enemy
Q1. How did Dr. Sadao rise above prejudice and save the life of P.O.W in the chapter “The Enemy”?
Dr. Sadao was a surgeon who was taught that a doctor’s prime duty is to save the life of a patient. When he saw the wounded American, he carried him to his home and kept on operating on him till he recovered from his illness. Though his servants & wife were against him for making the P.O.W stay at his home, yet he ignored all of them and saved the life of the man. He was stick to his education and ultimately succeeded too. His wife wanted the P.O.W to be thrown back into the sea but he ignored her and did whatever he was taught during his training. He knew that there was a world of difference between his and his servants thinking. So he decided to go with his conscience voice and helped the P.O.W to escape the ground of Japanese. He proved that his humanity is more important than any other thing in this world. Thus he rose above prejudice and saved the life of P.O.W.
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