The Summit Within Class 8 Summary Questions Answers NCERT CBSE

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The Summit Within Class 8 Summary Questions Answers, NCERT Solutions

Summary of The Summit Within

This book begins with the author telling us about a time when he was at the summit of Mount Everest. He might have been physically tired there, but he felt happy and proud because he had made it to the top. He also felt humbled because of how amazing it is up there.

After he climbed Everest, he talked about climbing the summit of a mind. He got rid of his physical exhaustion and then wondered why people climb mountains. Most people would just say, “Because it is there.” But the author had a different answer to this question. He always liked mountains and when away from them, he feels very bad.

He further talks about climbing a mountain. He says that it is physical and also requires endurance, persistence and willpower. One of the questions he discusses is why Everest? He compares it to when people breathe because there is no perfect answer for why someone might climb a mountain. On top of the mountain, you feel satisfied and excited because you have done something difficult.

He talks about how climbers help each other in climbing. Some famous climbers left records of help that they would have needed if they had given up. The view on the top makes you think that it was worth fighting for. You can see God’s creation and feel like you are one with him while looking at the highest peak. They left pictures and things from gods they believed in there so people could pray to them while on the mountain.

He then talks about another mountain that is hard to climb. He thinks that every climb, even if it is physical or spiritual, can change you. He says he got the confidence to face life’s problems after climbing the Everest. Climbing a mountain can be worthwhile experience.

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NCERT Solutions of The Summit Within

Comprehension Check (Page 79)

Question 1: Standing on Everest, the writer was

(i) overjoyed.

(ii) very sad.

(iii) jubilant and sad.

Choose the right item.

Answer: (iii) jubilant and sad 

Question 2: The emotion that gripped him was one of

(i) victory over hurdles.

(ii) humility and a sense of smallness.

(iii) greatness and self importance.

(iv) joy of discovery.

Choose the right item.

Answer: (ii) humility and a sense of smallness 

Question 3: “The summit of the mind” refers to

(i) great intellectual achievements.

(ii) the process of maturing mentally and spiritually.

(iii) overcoming personal ambition for common welfare.

(iv) living in the world of thought and imagination.

(v) the triumph of mind over worldly pleasures for a noble cause.

(vi) a fuller knowledge of oneself.

Mark the item(s) not relevant.

Answer: (i) great intellectual achievements.

(iii) overcoming personal ambition for common welfare.

(iv) living in the world of thought and imagination.

(v) the triumph of mind over worldly pleasures for a noble cause.

Working with the text (Page 80)

Question 1: Answer the following questions.

(i) What are the three qualities that played a major role in the author’s climb?

(ii) Why is adventure, which is risky, also pleasurable?

(iii) What was it about Mount Everest that the author found irresistible?

(iv) One does not do it (climb a high peak) for fame alone. What does one do it for, really?

(v) “He becomes conscious in a special manner of his own smallness in this large universe.” This awareness defines an emotion mentioned in the first paragraph. Which is the emotion?

(vi) What were the “symbols of reverence” left by members of the team on Everest?

(vii) What, according to the writer, did his experience as an Everester teach him?

Answer:

(i) The three qualities that played a major role in the author’s climb are endurance, perseverance and self control.

(ii) Adventure is risky, but it can also be a lot of fun. Climbing a mountain is hard because there are many challenges and obstacles. But when you get to the top, you feel happy and confident. The author wrote about Mount Everest and how it is a big challenge, but when someone gets to the top they feel a sense of victory. People will have different feelings depending on what they do in life

(iii) Mouth Everest is a mountain that is very high. It has beauty and charm. The author found it irresistible due to its beauty, ruggedness, and the many obstacles he encountered while climbing to the top. Every ounce of his energy was used when climbing the mountain that had rocks and ice on it. One who decides to climb Mouth Everest cannot give up their dream by going back halfway even if they are in danger of dying. When people climb to the top of a mountain, they are happy because they feel great. They are happy and have won. These are some reasons why he found Mount Everest so attractive.

(iv) Climbing a mountain is not just about getting to the top. It is about endurance, persistence and will power. The experience can be both emotional and spiritual. One feels satisfied after climbing to the top of a mountain because it gives them the sense of fulfillment, satisfaction and an urge to rise above their surroundings.

(v) “He becomes conscious in a special manner of his own smallness in this large universe.” This awareness makes them feel humble.

(vi) The author left a picture of Guru Nanak on Mount Everest. Rawat left a picture of Goddess Durga. Phu Dorji left his Buddha relic and Edmund Hillary had buried a cross in the snow under a cairn. These were not only symbols of conquest for the mountains but also reverence.

(vii) The author was a person who is called an Everestor. They had a great sense of satisfaction from their life. They felt determined when they faced the problems in life. The conquest of the internal summit is just as important as climbing a mountain. You will find out more about yourself and what you are really like when you do this, better than anyone else can work it out for you.”

Question 2: Write a sentence against each of the following statements. Your sentence should explain the statement. You can pick out sentences from the text and rewrite them. The first one has been done for you.

(i) The experience changes you completely.

One who has been to the mountains is never the same again.

(ii) Man takes delight in overcoming obstacles.

_________________________________________

(iii) Mountains are nature at its best.

_________________________________________

(iv) The going was difficult but the after-effects were satisfying.

_________________________________________

(v) The physical conquest of a mountain is really a spiritual experience.

_________________________________________

Answer: (ii) Endurance, persistence and will power are the qualities that are required in a climber to overcome the challenges and have a delightful experience.

(iii) The majestic beauty of the mountains pose a considerable challenge for a climber as they are the medium of communion with the Almighty.

(iv) Although climbing a mountain is a difficult task, but reaching the summit gives a sense of fulfillment and satisfaction to the climber.

(v) Climbing a mountain is not merely a physical activity but it is indeed both emotional and spiritual as mountains are a means of communion with God.

Working with language (Page 81-82)

Question 1:

Look at the italicised phrases and their meanings given in brackets.

Mountains are nature (nature’s best form and appearance) at its best.

Your life is at risk. (in danger; you run the risk of losing your life.)

He was at his (it was his best/worst performance.) best/worst in the last meeting.

Fill in the blanks in the following dialogues choosing suitable phrases from those given in the box.

at hand at once at all at a low ebb at first sight

(i) Teacher: You were away from school without permission. Go to the principal ________________ and submit your explanation.

Pupil: Yes, Madam. But would you help me write it first?

(ii) Arun: Are you unwell?

Ila: No, not ________________ Why do you ask?

Arun: If you were unwell, I would send you to my uncle. He is a doctor.

(iii) Mary: Almost every Indian film has an episode of love ________________.

David: Is that what makes them so popular in foreign countries?

(iv) Asif: You look depressed. Why are your spirits ________________ today? (Use such in the phrase)

Ashok: I have to write ten sentences using words that I never heard before.

(v) Shieba: Your big moment is close ________________.

Jyoti: How should I welcome it?

Shieba: Get up and receive the trophy.

Answer:

(i) Teacher: You were away from school without permission. Go to the principal at once and submit your explanation.

Pupil: Yes, Madam. But would you help me write it first?

(ii) Arun: Are you unwell?

Ila: No, not at all Why do you ask?

Arun: If you were unwell, I would send you to my uncle. He is a doctor.

(iii) Mary: Almost every Indian film has an episode of love at first sight.

David: Is that what makes them so popular in foreign countries?

(iv) Asif: You look depressed. Why are your spirits at a low ebb today? (Use such in the phrase)

Ashok: I have to write ten sentences using words that I never heard before.

(v) Shieba: Your big moment is close at hand.

Jyoti: How should I welcome it?

Shieba: Get up and receive the trophy.

Question 2: Write the noun forms of the following words adding -ance or -ence to each.

(i) endure ________________ (ii) persist ________________

(iii) signify ________________ (iv) confide ________________

(v) maintain ________________ (vi) abhor ________________

Answer:

  1. endure endurance
  2. persist persistence
  3. signify significance
  4. confide confidence
  5. maintain maintenance
  6. abhor abhorrence

Question 3: (i) Match words under A with their meanings under B.

A B
remote difficult to overcome
means most prominent
dominant be overcome/overpowered
formidable method(s)
overwhelmed far away from

(ii) Fill in the blanks in the sentences below with appropriate words from under A.

(a) There were ________________ obstacles on the way, but we reached our destination safely.

(b) We have no ________________ of finding out what happened there.

(c) Why he lives in a house ________________ from any town or village is more than I can tell.

(d) ________________ by gratitude, we bowed to the speaker for his valuable advice.

(e) The old castle stands in a ___________ position above the sleepy town.

Answer:

(i)

A B
remote far away from
means method(s)
dominant most prominent
formidable difficult to overcome
overwhelmed be overcome/overpowered

(ii) (a) There were formidable obstacles on the way, but we reached our destination safely.

(b) We have no means of finding out what happened there.

(c) Why he lives in a house remote from any town or village is more than I can tell.

(d) Overwhelmed by gratitude, we bowed to the speaker for his valuable advice.

(e) The old castle stands in a dominant position above the sleepy town.

 

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