CHAPTER-2, THE ENEMY (Long Answer Type Questions) with Summary of the Chapter, Class XII

Summary of ‘The Enemy’

(Pearl S.Buck)

This chapter revolves around the war between America and Japan which make them enemies to each other. Their hatred grows but it doesn’t make any difference to Dr. Sadao’s personality who rises above the prejudice and discrimination in order to hold his responsibility as a doctor. He forgets that the P.O.W is his enemy and saves his life in the end.

At the beginning of this chapter, the narrator talks about Dr. Sadao’s childhood and his father. He sheds some light on the personality of his father who was a patriot and a man of letters. He was only concerned about his son’s education therefore sent him to America at the age of 22 to learn about medicine and surgery. Dr. Sadao returns at the age of 30 and makes his presence feel in the entire Japan. Even, the General of Japan (Takima) never lets him go abroad due to his illness.

Narrator talks about the relationship of Dr. Sadao and Hana who had met each other at Professor Harley’s house in
America. They love each other a lot and even have two babies. Their life moves smoothly till they find an injured American at their doorstep. At first, they plan to throw him back into the sea but later on changes their mindset. Dr. Sadao being a doctor, decides to save his life and carries his light weighed body to his father’s room. His wife and all the three servants object but he turns a blind eye and operates on him with his utmost devotion. He finds a bullet stuck in the wound which he, later, picks out with his exploring instrument. He examines the wound of the patient and gives him many pieces of advice for his betterment every day.

After a few days, all his servants leave their job because of Dr. Sadao’s adamancy to save an Enemy’s life which leave the whole family imbalanced. Hana gets scared when a messenger comes to inform Dr. Sadao about General’s ill health. Dr. Sadao goes to the General and requests him to solve the problem. General, who is in the palm of Dr. Sadao, assures him to send his assassins in order to get that American killed. Dr. Sadao waits for three nights but no one comes. He finally makes up his mind to save that American’s life. He arranges a stout boat, some food, some water bottles and other necessities for the successful escape of that American P.O.W. He hands in his flashlight to that P.O.W and instructs him to follow his instructions. Finally, Dr. Sadao manages to send that American to his own country with the help of a Korean fishing boat.

At the end of the chapter, Dr. Sadao remembers five American faces which had a lion’s share in his life. He remember the days spent with his first landlady, who was full of prejudice, yet saved his life when he was suffering from influenza.

Dr. Sadao is left alone at the beach with a confusion why he saved that American P.O.W’s life.


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THE ENEMY (Long Answer Type Questions)

Q1. How did Dr. Sadao rise above prejudice and save the life of P.O.W in the chapter “The Enemy”?

Dr. Sadao was a surgeon who was taught that a doctor’s prime duty is to save the life of a patient. When he saw the wounded American, he carried him to his home and kept on operating on him till he recovered from his illness. Though his servants & wife were against him for making the P.O.W stay at his home, yet he ignored all of them and saved the life of the man. He was stick to his education and ultimately succeeded too. His wife wanted the P.O.W to be thrown back into the sea but he ignored her and did whatever he was taught during his training. He knew that there was a world of difference between his and his servants thinking. So he decided to go with his conscience voice and helped the P.O.W to escape the ground of Japanese. He proved that his humanity is more important than any other thing in this world. Thus he rose above prejudice and saved the life of P.O.W.


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